Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the UK with Public Health England data demonstrating over 200,000 infections in 2017. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease that occurs from an infection with the Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium.
This STD can be contracted via:
Symptoms of chlamydia are not apparent immediately and as such the infection could be passed unknowingly between partners. This is why it is so important to undergo regular screening.
As one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases, national guidelines recommend to undergo a test for chlamydia if you are under 25 and sexually active. Screening should be performed every year or when you change sexual partner.
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The Chlamydia test performed at the STD Check Clinic is a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test by first catch urine. This is the gold standard for STD testing in private clinics and results should be ready within 3 days of the sample being given.
If you are having chlamydia, the doctor will prescribe oral antibiotics such as azithromycin or doxycycline. He will also recommend your partner to be treated in order to prevent further infection and spread of this disease.
Women having severe chlamydia infection might have to be hospitalised, take intravenous antibiotics through veins and pain medicine. By undergoing a proper treatment, the infection should cure within one or two weeks.
If women leave chlamydia untreated, the infection may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease that causes damage of fallopian tubes or infertility. Untreated chlamydia can increase the risks of ectopic pregnancy and cause premature births. The infection might pass from the mother to the baby at the time of childbirth, thus causing blindness, eye infection or pneumonia in your child.
Men with chlamydia may lead to a condition known as non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU). This is an infection of the urethra, epididymitis or proctitis.
If there are any genital symptoms such as burning or discharge at the time of urination or sore, it is advised to consult with your doctor immediately. In case you are having chlamydia or other sexually transmitted disease and need to undergo treatment, inform all your sex partners about it so that they too can see a doctor and get treated.