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Basics of STD Screening
Basics of STD Screening
Basics of STD Screening

Basics of STD Screening


All you need to know about Hepatitis B and HBV test

The hepatitis B, popularly referred to as HBV is a contagious infection that leads to the inflammation of the liver. HBV is caused by several infections, including hepatitis A, B and C.

The virus is easily spread when semen, saliva, blood or vaginal fluid from an infected person is transferred to the body of an individual without the infection.

Hepatitis B phases

Generally, hepatitis B may occur in two different phases;

  • Acute hepatitis B: When someone is first infected with hepatitis B, they have the acute form of the infection. This phase occurs within the first six months of the infection. Most patients diagnosed with an acute HBV, during their HBV test in London rarely display any form of symptoms. However, when acute hepatitis B occur, they show flu-like symptoms such as;

– Jaundice; your skin turns yellow

– Fever Fatigue that may last for weeks or months.

– Stomach issues like; Nausea, loss of a petite, abdominal or belly pain.

If you suspect being exposed to hepatitis B, based on the above symptoms, seeing your GP for Hepatitis test in London is vital to ensure the infection doesn't result in a chronic one.

  • Chronic hepatitis B: Record shows that children with acute HBV are more liable to developing chronic Hepatitis B virus than an adult in their early phase of the infection.

 An acute hepatitis B may result in a chronic one after six months of hepatitis infection. Most chronic hepatitis B Cases take over 25-30 years to start displaying symptoms. However, when symptoms arise, they are often severe and may lead to liver damage, liver failure and cirrhosis, which is why we advise you undergo HBV test London.

 

Hepatitis B(HBV) test

Both phases of HBV test are often diagnosed with a blood test.

Getting tested for the virus, at least six weeks after unprotected sex is often recommended. Hepatitis test London methods may include either of the following

  • Blood test

If your GP feels you have hepatitis B, he may decide to carry out a blood test to check if your liver is inflamed. Hepatitis B blood tests can detect antigens and antibodies that are produced in response to the infection. The test result may, however, detect a person who has an active infection, and was recently exposed to HBV in the past or had immunity over the virus as a result of vaccinations.

Usually, an acute hepatitis B infection may follow a relatively long incubation period, which is why we recommend that patient's going for HBV test London should get tested 6 weeks after unprotected sex for more accurate results.

  • DNA polymerase chain reaction ( PCR)

Sometimes, a blood test may persist in detecting the hepatitis B virus; especially for patients with chronic liver issues from an unknown source. When cases like this arise, we often recommend that patients go through viral DNA testing. In some cases, viral DNA testing may also be used to monitor the advancement of the infection.

Treatment and prevention

While there is usually no cure for hepatitis B, patients with the virus will recover naturally within the first year of the infection. Treatment for hepatitis B may often include fluid and highly nutritious intake, adequate rest and proper monitoring of the infected patient overall health.

The best possible way to prevent the virus is through immunisation, which is to be given strictly before patients are exposed to the virus.

Are you still looking for a reliable hepatitis B screening(test) provider in London? Look no more! We provide the best HBV test services in London

Contact us today to schedule an appointment.