There is a large number of people in the UK, who are affected by sexually transmitted diseases or STDs. According to a rough estimate, this number is no less than several million. The more concerning part of this picture is the number is rising steadily at a very fast rate.
Why are there so many cases of STDs? A topnotch expert in London on sexual health says there are mainly two reasons.
The symptoms that show up are often mistaken for other illnesses. On the other hand, sexually transmitted diseases can cause a severe impact on your life if they are ignored and left untreated. They can lead you to medical conditions like cancer, blindness and infertility among others.
If you think you have an STD, the best thing is to get it tested. Read on to learn about how to undergo these tests easily.
You must get yourself tested in any of the following circumstances:
You can get yourself tested at your GP’s office or at the health clinics. There will be lab requisition that orders the test and mentions the samples that will be required for conducting the test. There are some diseases, which come under the category of notifiable diseases. This means the doctor conducting the test has to report back to the government, under the legal provision, the test report in case you test positive. The government uses the information for various purposes. Notifiable sexually transmitted diseases include Gonorrhea, HIV, Hepatitis, Chancroid, Syphilis and Chlamydia.
According to experts at a renowned centre for private std testing in London, certain STIs like Herpes and genital warts are diagnosed with an easy physical examination. The doctors look for sores, bumps, blisters and other typical symptoms to ascertain a sexually transmitted infection. However, they may also draw samples from your symptoms for further tests.
Blood and urine tests are very common for a wide range of STIs. These include Gonorrhea, HIV, Syphilis, Herpes, Chlamydia, and others. Your blood sample may either be drawn from a finger prick or from the vein in your arm. For urine tests, you only have to pee in a cup.
Certain STD tests are time-consuming. It can take more than a month after getting infected to have the infection shown in your blood test.
Papanicolau smears are not particularly done to diagnose STIs. They are basically conducted to detect signs of cervical cancer. PAP smears will never tell whether you’ve any sexually transmitted infection. Rather, if your PAP smear shows abnormal results, your doctor is likely to send you for a follow-up HPV test. It is to be noted that an abnormal PAP smear is in no way an indicator of an STD or cancer. There are hundreds of other different factors that can lead to your abnormal results in PPA smear test.
Apart from the swabs in the mouth, it also includes vaginal, cervical and urethral swabs. As far as women are concerned, a doctor may swab the cervix or the vagina during a pelvic exam. Usually, such swabs are done with a cotton ball dipped in an applicator.
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